There are primary elections, general elections, and special elections. A general election is an election in which candidates are elected to offices. This is in contrast to a primary election, which is used either to narrow the field of candidates for a given elective office or to determine the nominees for political parties in advance of a general election.
General elections occur at local (municipal and county), state, and federal levels, and typically occur at regular intervals. In some cases, elections may occur at irregular times (special elections), such as to elect a replacement for a seat vacated due to death, resignation, or removal from office.