Absentee voting is voting that does not happen in person on Election Day but instead occurs another way—usually by mail. All states allow for some form of absentee balloting. Some states require voters to provide a valid excuse (e.g., illness or injury, physical disability, religious observance, travel) to vote absentee, while others allow any eligible voter to cast an absentee ballot.
You must request an absentee ballot before your state’s deadline. For the most updated information on voting absentee, we recommend using the information provided by you your state election office.
In 27 states and the District of Columbia, a voter can cast an absentee ballot without an excuse.
- District of Columbia
- New Jersey
- New Mexico
- North Carolina
- North Dakota
- South Dakota
In 20 states, a voter must provide a valid excuse in order to cast an absentee ballot.